PDF/UA-1 — The Standard Tags for Accessible PDFs

" "Here's a short guide to the Tag set for accessible PDFs, per the PDF/UA-1 accessibility standard.

Container/Grouping Tags

< Document >
At the top of the tag tree; contains everything in the PDF file.

< Part >
Contains a large major section of the document, such as a chapter of a book.

< Art >
An article or distinct portion of the PDF.

< Sect >
A small section of a larger article or part, such as a sidebar, pull quote, or boxed text.

< Div >
Not recommended, does not convey semantics.

Heading Tags

< H1 >
Heading 1 is used to label the title of the document or a major section. Avoid using for subheads.

< H2 > – < H6 >
Lower-level headings, subheads.

< H >
Not recommended, is not well defined.

Text Tags
(Block-Level Paragraphs)

< P >
The most often-used tag, for body text.

< BlockQuote >
Used to label a full paragraph as an extract or quote attributed to someone else or another publication.

< Caption >
Used for figure and table captions.

< Index >
Identifies an entry in an index.

< L >
(List) A combination of tags that label and identify the individual parts of a list. Includes: < L >, < LI >, < Lbl >, and < LBody >.

< Note >
The text of a footnote, endnote, or source note.

< TOC >
(Table of Contents) A combination of tags that identify a TOC and its individual elements. Includes: < TOC > and < TOCI >.

Text Tags
(Inline Character-Level)

< BibEntry >
An entry in a bibliography.

< Code >
Text that represents computer program text or coding.

< Formula >
A mathematical formula or equation.

< Link >
A combination of tags that surrounds an active, clickable hyperlink. Includes: < Link > and < Link-OBJR >.

< Quote >
Short quoted material within a sentence, usually surrounded by “quote marks.”

< Reference >
A citation to text or a figure that appears elsewhere in the document; a cross-reference; or a superscript footnote number.

< Span >
Used by software to designate visual formatting, discretionary hyphens, etc.

Table Tags

< Table >
A combination of tags labeling the entire table and its individual components. Includes: < Table >, < TR >, < TH >, and < TD >. The < THead >, < TBody >, and < TFoot > tags are optional at this time.

Special Elements

< Form >
An individual form field that is interactive.

< Figure >
Any graphic element, such as an illustration, photograph, graphical chart, logo, or other element that is not text. Also scanned text that has not been converted to live text (OCR), or graphical text.

PubCom - Signature

Logo, Pub Com dot com.

PubCom creates solutions for accessible documents

We're technologists for accessible design and publishing. We help agencies, academics, authors, designers, and publishers build accessibility into their documents from start to finish.

  • Our courses about Sec. 508 topics are the best-in-class, but we also offer training in traditional desktop publishing, digital media, and office documents.
  • Our consulting services can help you develop an accessible workflow that works.
  • We also provide remediation services for your existing documents, but we prefer to "teach you how to fish" and make your documents so accessible that they don't need remediation.

We've been in the publishing industry for eons and our first classes in accessible documents were held in 2001, soon after Sec. 508 went into effect and WCAG 1 was released.

Summary: We know publishing, from editorial to design to distribution. And we focus on helping you maximize your technology, streamline your workflow, and seamlessly build accessibility into your publishing workflow.

 See how we work with you.

Sign up for our upcoming classes, or we can bring a custom curriculum to your agency to train your writers, editors, desktop publishers, webmasters, and accessibility technicians. We conduct traditional classroom courses and live online sessions.

We’re committed to making documents accessible for the nearly 35% of our fellow citizens who have disabilities that make it difficult for them to use computer technologies. .

Cartoon of a happy guy, fishing.We teach how to make your documents accessible.

Let us know how we can help you fish!

— Bevi Chagnon
CEO and Founder, PubCom